Hydrothermal Alteration and Evolution of Impact Melt Deposits with Insights into Martian Soil Production and Early Environments
Christy is a PhD Candidate and Canada Vanier Scholar at Western University, Canada, focusing on impact cratering products and processes. Christy has also been involved in efforts to simulate Mars rover missions at Western, acting as Science Team Lead for the 2016 CSA-CPSX CREATE analogue mission deployment. With former experience in Mars spacecraft operations as a HiRISE Downlink Specialist, and a former geologist at the Arizona Geological Survey, Christy has a background in terrestrial as well as planetary geology. Her primary field site is the Ries Impact Structure (Germany), where she studies the mineralogy and other aspects of ejecta deposits. Impact craters provide a window into the subsurface of planetary bodies, with the largest structures exhuming tens of kilometers of any available rock, water, and ice. The ejecta deposits are the result of that exhumation, which redistributes this material across the surface and forms new materials under intense heat and pressure. The deposits at the Ries Impact Structure are of particular interest to her research as they represent analogies to similar impact-generated deposits on Mars. Earth-Mars comparative studies allow researchers like Christy an avenue to extrapolate past Mars climate and habitability, soil production, and subsurface volatile availability.
Caudill, C.M., Osinski, G.R., Tornabene, L.L (2018) Ejecta deposits of Bakhuysen Crater, Mars. Icarus, 314, 175-194.
Pilles, E. A., Cross, M., Caudill, C. M., Francis, R., Osinski, G. R., Newman, J., Battler, M., Bourassa, M., Haltigin, T., Hipkin, V., Kerrigan, M., McLennan, S., Silber, E. A., and Williford, K. (2018) Exploring new models for improving planetary rover operations efficiency through the 2017 CanMars MSR Analogue Deployment. Planetary and Space Science, in press, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2018.10.001.
Osinski, et al. (2018) CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Mission, Planetary and Space Science, in press, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2018.07.011.
C.M. Caudill (2015) Geochemical databases for characterization of K-metasomatized Tertiary units in central-western Arizona. Arizona Geological Survey Digital Information DI-45 (http://repository.azgs.az.gov/uri_gin/azgs/dlio/1662).
C.M. Caudill, L.L. Tornabene, A.S. McEwen, S. Byrne, L. Ojha, S. Mattson (2012) Layered MegaBlocks in the central uplifts of impact craters, Icarus 221, 710-720.
Livio L. Tornabene, Gordon R. Osinski, Alfred S. McEwen, Joseph M. Boyce, Veronica J. Bray, Christy M. Caudill, John A. Grant, Christopher W. Hamilton, Sarah Mattson, Peter J. Mouginis-Mark (2012) Widespread crater-related pitted materials on Mars: Further evidence for the role of target volatiles during the impact process, Icarus 220, 348-368.
V. J. Bray, L. L. Tornabene, L. P. Keszthelyi, A. S. McEwen, B. R. Hawke, T. A. Giguere, S. A. Kattenhorn, W. B. Garry, B. Rizk, C. M. Caudill, L. R. Gaddis, C. H. van der Bogert (2010), New insight into lunar impact melt mobility from the LRO camera, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37.
*C.M. Caudill, et al. (2017) Relevance of pitted material and impact melt to early Martian hydrothermalism and habitability; Ries ejecta deposits as a Martian Analogue. Fourth Conference on Early Mars 2017, 3086. (Talk)
C.M. Caudill, R. N. Greenberger, H. M. Sapers, L. L. Tornabene, G. R. Osinski, B. L. Ehlmann. (2017) Mineralogical and Hyperspectral Mapping of the Ries Ejecta Deposits as a Martian Analogue for Impact Melt Modification. 48th Lunar & Planetary Science Conference, 2426.
M. Schmieder, S. Boschi, C. Caudill, M. Chandnani, N. J. DiFrancesco, S. M. Hibbard, K. Hughson, M. Kinczyk, J. Lawrence, A. C. Martin, E. Martin, M. Martinot, C. B. McCarty, K. E. Powell, A. Sarafian, D. Schaub, K. Shirley, D. A. Kring. (2017) Mapping Ejecta on the East and Southeast Side of Barringer Meteorite Crater (a.k.a. Meteor Crater), Arizona. 48th Lunar & Planetary Science Conference, 2180.
C.M. Caudill, G.R. Osinski, L.L. Tornabene, T. Haltigin, V. Hipkin, M. Battler, S. Duff, J. O’Callaghan, and the 2016 CanMars Team. (2017) CanMars 2016 MSR Analogue Mission Science Overview. 48th Lunar & Planetary Science Conference, 1969.
G.R. Osinski, Battler, M., *Caudill, C., Pilles, E, Francis, R, Haltigin, T, Hipkin, V, Kerrigan, M., Picard, M., Sapers, H. M., Tornabene, L. & CanMars Team. (2017) The 2016 #CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Mission: A Guide for Mars 2020 and ExoMars. Astrobiology Science Conference 2017, Mesa, Arizona, 3332. (Talk)
C.M. Caudill, R. N. Greenberger, H. M. Sapers, L. L. Tornabene, G. R. Osinski, B. L. Ehlmann. (2017) Investigation of Post-Impact Hydrothermal Alteration in the Ries Ejecta Deposits with Comparisons to Early Mars. Astrobiology Science Conference 2017, Mesa, Arizona, 3660.
*C.M. Caudill, et al. (2016) Impact Cratering Processes as Understood Through Martian and Terrestrial Analog Studies. 49th Annual American Geophysical Union (AGU) Meeting, 189287. (Talk)
C.M. Caudill, et al. (2016) Mineralogical and Geochemical Study of Ries Ejecta Deposits as a Martian Analogue for Impact Melt Modification. 79th Annual Meeting of The Meteoritical Society, 6481.
*C.M. Caudill, et al. (2016) Geologic Mapping of Bakhuysen Crater, Mars: Analogies to the Ries Impact Ejecta with Insights into Martian Impact Melt. 79th Annual Meeting of The Meteoritical Society, 6474. (Talk)
C. M. Caudill, G. R. Osinski, L. L. Tornabene, A. S. McEwen (2016) Geologic Mapping of Bakhuysen Crater, Mars: Insights into Large Basin Impact Cratering Processes, 47nd Lunar & Planetary Science Conference, 2360.
C. M. Caudill, A. Grau Galofre, A. Pontefract, G. R. Osinski (2016) 2015 CanMars MSR Analog Mission: In Situ Geochemical Insights from X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, 47nd Lunar & Planetary Science Conference, 1731.
L. L. Tornabene, G. R. Osinski, A. S. McEwen, V. Ling, C. M. Caudill, A. Nuhn, R. Hopkins, B. D'Aoust, B. Kasmai, S. Mattson (2014) A Global Synthesis of the Meter- to Decameter-scale Morphology and Structure of Complex Crater Central Uplifts, Eighth International Conference on Mars, Abstract 1379.
C. Caudill, Richard, S. M., Musil, L., Sonnenschein, A., and Good, J. (2014) National Geothermal Data System: Open Access to Geoscience Data and Digital Technologies. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Abstract 250046.
C. Caudill, Richard, S.M., Musil, L., Sonnenschein, A., and Good, J. (2014) National Geothermal Data System: Open Access to Geoscience Data, Maps, and Documents. American Geophysical Union Meeting in San Francisco, CA, Abstract 20396.
C. Caudill, L.L. Tornabene, A. McEwen, J. Wray (2011) Crater-Exposed Stratigraphy Blocks and Volcanogenic Origin, Mars, 42nd Lunar & Planetary Science Conference.
*C. Caudill, L. Tornabene, and A. McEwen (2011) Crater-Exposed Intact Stratigraphy Blocks and Volcanogenic Origin, Planetary Cratering Consortium, held Sept. 14-16, 2011 in Flagstaff, AZ. Abstract #1006. (Talk)
Tornabene, L.L.; Caudill, C.M., McEwen, A.S., Osinski, G.R., Wray, J.J., Mustard, J.F., Skok, J.R., Marzo, G., Grant, J.A. (2010) High-resolution morphologic and spectral characteristics of Crater-exposed Bedrock on Mars: Insights into the petrogenesis, stratigraphy and geologic history of the Martian crust. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2010, abstract #P44B-07.
V.J. Bray, L.L. Tornabene, C. Caudill, B. Ray Hawke, T.A. Giguere, A.S. McEwen, L.R. Ostrach, M.S. Robinson. (2009) Impact Melt Deposit Morphology and Distribution on the Moon and Mars, 2009 American Geophysical Union, held Dec. 14, 2009 in San Francisco, CA.
L. L. Tornabene, A. S. McEwen, C. Caudill, G. R. Osinski, J. J. Wray, G. A. Marzo, J. F. Mustard, J. R. Skok, J. A. Grant, S. Mattson (2009) Crater-Exposed Bedrock Database for Mars; Preliminary Results From a Focused Study of Hydrated Silicates. Mars, 41th Lunar & Planetary Science Conference, held March 1-5, 2009 in The Woodlands, TX
M.Sc. Geoscience [Geochemistry and Hydrothermal Mineralization] (August 2015)
University of Arizona
Thesis: Tertiary potassium metasomatism as related to manganese and copper deposits in the upper-plate sedimentary units of the Buckskin and Rawhide Mountains
B.Sc. Geoscience [Geology & Planetary Science] (December 2011)
University of Arizona
Thesis: Layered MegaBlocks in the central uplifts of Martian impact craters
GIS Spatial Analyst Software Program, May 2007
Asheville-Buncombe Technical College
Asheville, North Carolina
2018-2019 NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory internship
2017 Vanier Canada Graduate Scholar (Vanier CGS)
2017 LPI Early Career Development Award
2017 Global Opportunities Award, Western University Field Travel Award
2016 Pierazzo International Student Travel Award
2015 CSA Recognition for Contributions to 2015 CanMars MESR Rover Analog Mission
2011 NASA Special Recognition and Appreciation Award for outstanding MRO research
2000 John T. and Ada M. Diederich Educational Trust: Diederich Academic Scholarship